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The time has come—you need your first credit card. It’s a really good thing to do, whether you’ve graduated college and need some spending power, or you’ve just turned 18 and want to get jump on building your credit. Maybe there’s another reason, and that’s equally great, too.
Whatever it is, applying for and getting approved for your first credit card is a really pivotal moment on your path to become financially independent. But, as you likely know, it comes with some uncertainty and unknowns. And a lot of responsibility, too.
How do you even get your first credit card? And what do you do once you have it?
They’re all absolutely great questions—and that you’re even answering them means that you’re well on your way to being a good candidate your first credit card. Let’s walk through the trajectory of getting your first credit card, and what to do to set yourself up for success down the line. With a all of that info, you’ll be well positioned to graduate to better, lower-rate credit cards and more diverse products is a possibility in the future.
If you’re on the hunt for your first credit card, odds are you’re eager to get a card as soon as possible. But, as anxious as you likely are to steer your own financial destiny, pump the brakes!
Searching for your first credit card is a process that has to happen carefully deliberately. Here’s a check list of everything you’ll need to think about as you’re searching for your first credit card (and making certain it’s 100% the right time for it, too!):
Obvious? Well, maybe not.
Really think carefully about whether you’re ready to take on a first credit card. Having a credit card in your name requires financial responsibility. You need to be prepared to keep track of what you’ve spent on your credit card, and pay off that balance each month without being reminded to do so—otherwise, you’ll incur interest payments, late fees, and take hits to your credit score.
And, along those lines, ask yourself this, too: Do fully understand how your credit card and credit score relate? How you use your first credit card will have implications on your credit score—especially if you (likely) don’t have much credit history to your name.
Just because you’re old enough for a first credit card doesn’t mean you’re actually ready and fully equipped to use one. Take some time to get a solid understanding of the credit card basics and get a picture of where your financials stand before you dive in.
Also, be realistic with yourself about how well you’ll be able to keep yourself on both a schedule and a payment budget. If you’re not there yet, it’s not yet time for your first credit card. (But you’ll get there!) Doing so will save you from some early on mistakes that can be disasters for your credit. We’ll get to more on those disasters—and how to avoid them—later.
Next, fully prepare yourself for the realities of securing your first credit card in today’s market.
Major credit card issuers used to offer easy credit to college students, offering easy ways to get a first credit card. Which sounds great… but such easy credit got lots of students and young people quickly into debt. And that type of openness wreaked havoc, which put this these practices squarely in the past.
After some financial reform, the good thing is that you’re protected from taking on debt before you’re ready. The tough part about that, though, is that it’s also harder to secure a credit card as a young person.
If you’re under 21, you can technically get a credit card. Issuers will usually require that you have a full-time job, though, which makes it tough for most students to qualify. Or, if you’re under 21, you could have an adult cosign for your credit card application.
For credit card applicants over 21, it’s still pretty tough to get a first credit card—but a little easier now that you’ve crossed the threshold. You need to demonstrate that you have steady income, assuring credit card issuers that you’ll be able to pay back what you owe.
All that said, though, know that if you’re applying for your first credit card and you don’t have much credit history at all, you’re not going to qualify for every credit card you find online. Even if you’re well into your 30s or 40s, that’s going to be the case, too—so it’s not an age thing.
With that in mind, which first credit card options are realistically available to you? To know, check out these five places first:
With an that existing relationship in place, you might have a better chance at getting your application approved—especially if you’ve managed your account responsibly. If you don’t have any overdrafts in your history, the bank might feel comfortable extending you a credit card.
The bank that issues you the secured credit card holds that deposit just in case you don’t make your credit card payments down the line. Because the bank has some reassurance that they’ll be able to get their money back if you don’t pay your credit card bills, you might have an easier time qualifying for a secured credit card if you lack credit history or have a poor credit score.
Secured credit cards are a great stepping stone and first credit card. You’ll build your credit history while using the card responsibly, and can graduate to better credit card products in the future.
But when you have a cosigner on the card, that person’s credit history is fully at stake for your behavior with the card. It’s essential that you work with only a trusted cosigner, and use this first credit card very responsibly.
These credit card issuers do approve borrowers with limited credit history, but be aware that these credit cards might—and probably do—come with a higher interest rate.
So, you’ve got your first credit card in your pocket. You’ve made it over the first hurdle of owning your credit history.
Now that you have a first credit card to your name, what’s next? What should be on your radar as you use the card? And what can you do with your first card to make sure you’re setting up for credit card success in the future?
Here’s what to keep in mind as you use your first credit card:
When you look at the meaning of your credit score and what comprises the FICO algorithm—the equation that spits out that three-digit, all-important credit score of yours—you’ll understand why paying your credit card bills on time matters.
Think of it this way: 35% of your credit score is determined by your payments history—aka your recurring habits for paying off debt. By looking into your payment history in the past, lenders you might work with in the future can tell if you’ve been trustworthy with your finances.
So, when you have your first credit card, it’s crucial that you pay your credit card bills on time, each month. Because interest accrues on the balance you roll over each month on a credit card, late payments will lead to interest charges and late fees.
Paying your credit card bill late is essentially a lose-lose situation: You’ll lose money from additional payments on what you borrow, and you’ll lose credibility in the eyes of future lenders when your credit score gets dinged for it.
If remembering to pay your credit card balance turns out to be a problem for you, most credit card issuers and banks let you set up balance alerts each month through their mobile apps, or email alerts through their web payment portals.
Whatever it is, figure out a way to remind yourself. Set up calendar alerts! Make someone send you a text message! Have your neighbor knock on your door! Just get those bills paid on time.
Another important best-practice to keep in mind with your first credit card is paying in full.
When you get your credit card statement each month, you’ll see a “minimum payment due” on the bill. This shows the portion of your balance that you need to pay off your credit card in order to avoid late fees.
But even if you just make your minimum payment due, you’ll still accrue interest on the balance you roll over (and don’t pay off) each month. To avoid accumulating debt, pay your balance in full every month. You’ll save lots in interest charges in the long run, and won’t find yourself in a big hole of debt that you can’t pay off down the line.
Another big factor that goes into your credit score calculation is “amounts owed.” Amounts owed takes up 30% of your credit score, and it reflects the amount of debt you currently owe across all your credit accounts.
And importantly, your amounts owed relative to your total credit limit represents your credit utilization ratio.
A high credit utilization ratio (indicating you owe a lot across all your credit accounts) usually correlates with high risk borrowers—if you have lots of debt across your accounts, there’s a good chance you won’t be able to pay back everything you owe.
So when it comes to best practices on your first credit card, be aware of how much you’re putting on your card relative to the credit limit you were approved. In general, a good rule of thumb is to keep your credit utilization ratio below 30%. (Meaning if you have a $10,000 credit limit, try not to have a balance of more than $3,000 on your credit card at one time.)
To keep your amounts owed low, make sure you’re not putting too much on your card, and pay your balance off every month.
If you just took out your first credit card and want to make sure you’re setting yourself up for success down the road, it’s important to always be in the know when it comes to your credit report.
By now you know how closely lenders look at your credit score and credit history. It’s a big part of your financial identity—so you need to keep a close eye on where your credit rating stands.
Three major credit bureaus keep track of your personal credit history: Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. You’re entitled to a free report from each of these bureaus each year. You can get a report at annualcreditreport.com.
Checking your credit report at least once a year will help you know how you’re doing and help you monitor your report for any errors that pop up. (1 out of 5 credit reports have errors in them, so it’s worth checking to see if you’re being dinged for activities you didn’t do.)
If you do find an error on your credit report, you can dispute it with any of the credit reporting bureaus. Make sure it is definitely an error, and begin putting together documentation that helps you prove your case. This could be proof of payment or a correspondence related to the charge in question.
Once you’ve gathered the documentation that proves the error, write a letter to the credit bureau that reported the error. Check out the Federal Trade Commission’s dispute letter template for help crafting your letter.
After you take out your first credit card, make sure you’re following those best practices to get your credit history off on the right foot. Your initial habits with your first credit cards will play a large part in what you qualify for down the line.
If you want to graduate to bigger and better things—namely lower-rate credit cards, more rewarding credit cards, different types of credit cards (like business credit cards)—you’ll be happy you handled your first credit card go-around responsibly.
And the time comes to graduate to new credit card products, here are some things to keep in mind:
Once you’ve built up your credit history with a first credit card—and proved that you’re a responsible borrower—you’ll have more credit card options available to you.
In theory, practicing good borrowing behavior has increased your credit score, and you’ll be able to qualify for better credit cards. With some proof that you’ll pay back what you owe, you can qualify for lower-rate and generally more rewarding credit cards.
Once you see an increase in your credit score after using your first credit card responsibly, it’s important to not go out on a credit card application frenzy.
Yes, building up a mix of credit with different credit cards is a good thing, and having more credit limits adding to your overall available credit will help you win the credit utilization game.
But every time you apply for a new credit card, the credit card issuer will do a hard pull of your credit score from at least one credit bureau—sometimes all of them. And every time your credit is pulled, you’ll see a slight dip in your credit score.
This ding in your credit score won’t last forever—and isn’t a big deal if you just apply for one card. But if you go around applying for multiple credit cards at once, those dips in your credit score will add up.
So, as you graduate to new credit card products in the trajectory of your financial life, just make sure that you aren’t applying for new credit cards very often or all at once.
Another step forward along your credit card journey is simply increasing your credit limit on your first credit card or other credit cards you have. Increasing your credit limit will help you lower your credit utilization ratio or give you more flexibility to make bigger purchases.
Asking your credit card issuer for a credit limit increase is a good idea in the following scenarios:
Once you’ve got a solid amount of credit history under your belt—and your credit score shows that—you could absolutely qualify for a credit limit increase.
If you do choose to improve your credit card products this way, make sure you’re only asking for a credit limit increase on one credit card account. Increasing your credit limit will likely require another pull on your credit card, so it’s the same deal as above—a bunch of credit score inquiries in a short period of time will hurt your score.
Now that you’re long past your first credit card—and have multiple experiences with personal credit cards under your belt—you’ve opened up a lot of doors by using your credit cards responsibly.
No matter who you are and what your future looks like, you’ll be happy that you’ve set yourself up for financial success by using credit cards responsibly and building a solid credit score. Now, when you need to take on a mortgage for your first house, take out a personal loan down the line, or open more credit accounts in the future, you’ll be able to do so.
And in the exciting case that entrepreneurship is your calling, your responsible borrowing behavior with your first credit cards in the past will set you up nicely for financing your business in the future.
So when you need to grow your company with a small business loan, or need to finance essential purchases with a business credit card, you’ll have an easier time doing so. And if, down the line, a business credit card is the next addition to your wallet, here’s what you need to know.
Whether you’ve just started up or have some solid business ownership experience, a business credit card can come in handy. It gives you access to a revolving line of credit that you can use for your business purchases or for cash withdrawals—with no hassle whatsoever. It can be a cushion on your cash flow if you’re having cash flow issues from month to month.
Plus, when you own a business, it’s important to separate your personal finances from your business finances. So, instead of putting all your business purchases on your personal credit cards, put them on a business credit card instead. This will also help you track your expenses and save you some of the headache that comes with bookkeeping for your business.
Your business credit card will also help you establish and build up your business credit. Before you had a business credit card or a business loan, your personal credit score was the only thing on your radar. That was built up by your good habits with your first credit cards, student loans, auto loans, or mortgages.
Now, as a business owner, you need business credit history to secure financing for your business or contracts with different vendors you work with down the line.
And finally, a business credit card lets you earn all those rewards and perks that you know and love from your personal credit card—just for your business. There are business credit cards for travel rewards, business credit cards for cash back, business credit cards for bonus points, and so on.
Now, if you’ve used personal credit cards all your life and you’re graduating to business credit cards as an entrepreneur, there are a few differences between business and personal credit cards:
When you think about how the mechanics of a credit card works, personal and business credit cards are one in the same. And you’ve mastered the art of managing your credit card from years of using them responsibly.
But when you get down to the specifics, there are a few differences to be aware of.
Like choosing your personal credit card, searching for the best business credit card essentially comes down to a few factors to consider. You’ll have to look closely at what you care about in a card, and how your business credit cards will fit the needs of your business.
In general, keep the following factors in mind while you go about your business credit card search:
And finally, you might care more about transferring your balance from other, more expensive credit cards to your new business credit card. In this scenario, you’d want to check out business credit cards with a 0% balance transfer APR.
If you’re always traveling for business, a travel rewards business credit card makes a ton of sense. (If this is you, the
Searching for your business credit card is all about what you care about in your card. Pay attention to the issues above, and you’re well on your way to finding the right business credit card for your company.
And, much like your personal credit card, there are a few things to know when using your first business credit card, too. A few things to keep top-of-mind as you use this new card:
Essentially, your behavior on your business credit card should be the same as it is with your personal credit card: Pay your balance in full, on time, and don’t put too much on the card.
From your first credit card to now your business credit card, you’ve got the whole credit game down. As always, practice the best borrowing behavior possible, and watch your business credit score grow.