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The Best State-by-State Guide to Business Licenses and Permits

Georgia McIntyre

Georgia McIntyre

Finance Writer at Fundera
Georgia McIntyre is the resident Finance Writer at Fundera. She specializes in all things small business finance, from lending to accounting. Questions for Georgia? Comment below!
Georgia McIntyre

Starting your own business is incredibly exciting. Finally, you get to do what you love, be your own boss, and create your own schedule. But you’ll soon find that some aspects of starting a business aren’t exactly thrilling.

One of those dull-but-crucial steps? Looking into your state’s government regulations, and making sure you’ve secured all of the business licenses necessary to be compliant to these regulations.

To operate your business legally, you’ll need the proper licenses or permits from the appropriate agencies. You’ll also need to periodically renew your business license, usually every one to three years, depending on your state.

Business licenses and permits are intended to keep consumers safe and operations transparent. The U.S. Small Business Administration regulations include that virtually every small business needs some sort of license or permit from state officials, but requirements and fees vary based on the type of business, where it’s located, and which government rules apply. And if your business is involved in activities supervised and regulated by a federal agency, then you’ll need to obtain a federal license or permit, as well.

Getting a business license won’t be a thrilling process, but it will be an important one, so we’ve compiled a guide on how to get a business license, depending on where you do business:

Where to Find Your Business Licenses and Permits, According to Your State

We’ve combed through all of the state-by-state resources out their on small business licenses, and compiled them into one comprehensive resource on getting a business license, no matter which state you’re based in.

If you’re wondering how to obtain a business license, then scroll through our definitive state-by-state list to find the resources you need to get a business license.

  

small business license

Getting a Business License in Alabama

If your business is based out of Alabama, check out AtlasAlabama, a statewide website established to help start and expand small businesses in the state. You can find information here about which businesses need occupational licenses, how to obtain a business tax number, and many other useful resources.

Getting a Business License in Alaska

Alaskan small business owners should consult the Alaska Department of Commerce, which offers a clear breakdown of what you need to license your business. If you’re wondering, “Do I need a business license?” you should also check their list for businesses that don’t require a license. You can easily file for a new license, or to a renew license, online.

Getting a Business License in Arizona

Pretty much everything you need to know about how to get a business license in Arizona can be found in the Arizona Department of Revenue’s guide. This guide is designed to help Arizona businesses comply with the state’s basic tax and licensing requirements. The same agency also offers an overall licensing guide, which shows you where to go to find a state transaction privilege tax, regulatory/professional/special licensing or permits, and local business/occupational licenses or permits.

Getting a Business License in Arkansas

Use the Arkansas.gov Owning a Business website for a comprehensive guide on all things related to starting and legally running a business in the state, including getting a license. The site also includes resources on registering a new business, how to apply for an employer identification number, filing for workers compensation insurance, and more.

Getting a Business License in California

If you run a California-based small business, use CalGold as your go-to resource on how to get a business license and permit. Simply select your city or county, enter your business type, and follow the instructions from there.

Getting a Business License in Colorado

The Colorado Business Express is the Centennial State’s online portal small business owners should use to file for a business license either online or manually.

Getting a Business License in Connecticut

Small business owners in Connecticut should consult the state’s New Business Checklist for a step-by-step guide on the appropriate way to start up and register their businesses. Skip ahead to Step 5 if you just need to know whether your business needs special licenses and permits, and where to get a license in your state.

Getting a Business License in Delaware

To register or renew a Delaware business license, go to the state’s One Stop Business Registration & Licensing website. Through this online portal, a questionnaire will lead you to the appropriate forms to obtain the licensing you need.

Getting a Business License in District of Columbia

All businesses in Washington, D.C. are required to have a license. Use the wizard tools on the D.C. Business Center online guide to determine exactly which business license you need to start your business. Read their Basic Business License guide to find out how to apply for the necessary business license online, in person, or through the mail.  

Getting a Business License in Florida

You can get information on licensing requirements in Florida on state’s Department of Business and Professional Regulation website, which features a dedicated online business license portal. Simply click on your business type from the available list and follow the instructions from there.

Getting a Business License in Georgia

Many businesses in Georgia can now apply for business licenses online, so check the state’s online licensure applications list to find out whether your business makes the cut. Then, you can submit an application for a new license in Georgia through the online portal. Take a look at Georgia’s business licenses webpage for a simple overview of your business’s licensing needs.

Getting a Business License in Hawaii

Hawaii’s Business Express portal automates the process of registering your business online. All you need is your eHawaii.gov account information, then follow the Wizard questions to figure out which licenses and permits you need, as well as how to apply for business licenses that you end up needing.

Getting a Business License in Idaho

Take a look at Idaho.gov’s licensing, permitting, and regulations webpage to search for regulation information and apply for licenses online. Note that Idaho doesn’t have a state business license (all business licenses are issued locally), so only the businesses that need special licensing can apply through the online portal. You can also search Idaho.gov’s online services by your business type for any related information on how to get a business license through your local institutions.

Getting a Business License in Illinois

If you’re just about to start your new business in Illinois, take a look at the Illinois Department of Commerce’s First Stop Business Info Center to access resources for writing a business plan, setting up your legal structure, registering your business, and more. Then, find out how to get a license through their registration, license, and permit applications resources.

Getting a Business License in Indiana

Indiana doesn’t have a single, comprehensive business license, but every business that operates in Indiana will need to fulfill regulatory requirements, potentially at several state levels. Seems complicated, but the state’s Business Owner Guide is a great online business license resource to sort out the information you need, according to your industry.

Getting a Business License in Iowa

Iowa doesn’t require a general business license. Rather, licensing requirements are based on the nature of your business or profession. You can search the Iowa Business License Information Center database to determine which licenses your specific business needs. You can also visit the Iowa Business Information Center’s regulatory subsection for a short list of general licensing tips.   

Getting a Business License in Kansas

To register a business in Kansas, use this guide to decide how you’d like to legally structure your business. Then you can visit the Kansas Business Center’s Operating Your Business subsection for information on how to obtain a license in your state.

Getting a Business License in Kentucky

Kentucky doesn’t have a single, statewide license for all businesses, but certain businesses will need special permits or licenses. Check out the Kentucky One Stop Business Portal for information on starting and running your business, and head to their page on the occupational licenses and permits that apply to your business. You need to create an account on the site first to apply for a business license and take advantage of the site’s online license resources.

Getting a Business License in Louisiana

Visit Louisiana’s Business Services page to start the process of obtaining your required licenses for the state. You’ll need to create a GeauxBiz account to access their start-up services, which includes a business license checklist.

Getting a Business License in Maine

All business licenses in Maine are operated the town or city level, so you’ll need to contact your local town office directly to find out what your business needs. Visit the Maine.gov Local Government portal for the contact information you’ll need.

Getting a Business License in Maryland

The Maryland Department of Commerce has compiled an online database of statewide and county level licenses you might need to operate your business. You can also consult the Department of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation’s directory of services to contact the licensing agent that applies to your industry.

Getting a Business License in Massachusetts

Take a look at Massachusetts state’s Starting a New Business guide for advice, resources, and information about legal requirements you need to get your business off the ground. Jump to their Business Licenses and Permits page to find out if your business or profession needs special business license or permits to legally operate in the state.

Getting a Business License in Michigan

Not every business in Michigan is required to be licensed by the state. Business licenses are required for certain vocations or occupations that may be conducted within a business, and local governments may also require business licenses. Find out if your new venture could require a state license or permit through the online business license search. Also, check out the state’s guidebook and step-by-step outline for how to start a business in Michigan.

Getting a Business License in Minnesota                             

Some types of businesses may operate in Minnesota without any special licenses, but others require certain licensing and permits. You can use the Minnesota online business license tool to search for required licenses by topic, agency, or index.

Getting a Business License in Mississippi

Mississippi doesn’t license all businesses at a state level. Depending on your business activities, though, you might need state and/or local permits to legally run your business. Take a look at the Mississippi Small Business Development Center’s FAQs for a list of common small business license questions in the state, including licensing concerns. They recommend consulting the SBA business license and search tool, and also checking with your town or city clerk to stay up to date on local license requirements. Also be sure to check out the state’s Business One Stop Shop for more startup resources.

Getting a Business License in Missouri

The Missouri Business Portal lets you register your business with the Secretary of State and Department of Revenue simultaneously. This resource also provides a list of occupations that require licensing. They suggest you contact your county or city government to learn more about local licensing requirements.

montana business license

Getting a Business License in Montana

The state of Montana provides professional licensing, and licenses for industries that specifically require state regulations. All other business licensing in Montana is handled at a local level. Check out this list of Montana state licenses by industry. For more information, consult Montana’s Small Business Development Center Network business licensing page.

Getting a Business License in Nebraska

The Nebraska Licensing Division oversees collection agencies, debt management agencies, credit services organizations, private detectives, truth and deception examiners, athlete agents, and nonrecourse civil litigation funding companies. If your business encompasses any of these activities, follow the links on their website to get your required business license. Whether or not your business is any of the above, check with your local government to see if you’ll need additional licenses.

Getting a Business License in Nevada

If you’re a small business owner in Nevada, check out the SilverFlume Business Portal. This statewide business portal has a step-by-step online guide to starting your business in Nevada and how to secure the appropriate business licensing in the state.

Getting a Business License in New Hampshire

You’ll need to contact your local city or town clerk’s office to find out about local requirements to run a business in New Hampshire. For information on how to get a business license and/or permit, visit the New Hampshire Department of Revenue Administration licensing FAQs webpage.

Getting a Business License in New Jersey

The New Jersey Business Action Center is the state’s online business license resource that makes it easy for you to find the licenses and permits you need. You can also browse through the New Jersey License and Certification Guide, which alphabetically lists all businesses and occupations that require permits, certifications, or licensing, plus the government agency you’ll need to contact to obtain that requirement.

Getting a Business License in New Mexico

Business licensing requirements in New Mexico vary according to your county or municipality, so it’s best to contact your local city or town clerk’s office directly. If your business requires a special license or permit from the state, you can apply for a business license online. Take a look at the New Mexico Economic Development business development page for more information on starting your business in this state.

Getting a Business License in New York

Want to find out what permits or licenses your business needs in New York? Start with the Business Wizard to determine which New York State licenses are necessary to get your business up and running, and how to obtain a business license that you need.

Getting a Business License in North Carolina

The State of North Carolina doesn’t issue general business licenses, but your business might be subject to state, city, county, and/or federal requirements. You also may need a special license if your business requires occupational licenses. The state provides business counselors whom you can call if you’d like personalized advice on how to get a business license—just click the link above.

Getting a Business License in North Dakota

If you’re running a North Dakota-based small business, you can find information on the small business licenses you might need on the North Dakota New Business Registration’s licensing information webpage.

Getting a Business License in Ohio

Step one in the Ohio Small Business Development Center’s guide to starting a business informs you of the legal structure variations involved in business licensing. All businesses are also required to register with the Ohio Secretary of State. Search the Ohio licenses and permits index to find the exact licenses you for your business.

Getting a Business License in Oklahoma

Oklahoma doesn’t require a general business license, but there are a few industries that need special licensing to operate in this state. Check out the Oklahoma Department of Commerce Business Licensing and Operating Requirements page for a list of the types of licenses you’ll need by industry, as well as other employer requirements (like workers’ compensation insurance).

Getting a Business License in Oregon

Consult the Oregon Secretary of State’s webpage on starting a business in Oregon for a state-specific game plan on opening up shop. Skip to step six if you’re mostly interested in learning about the licenses, permits, or certifications you need in Oregon—it’ll direct you to Business Xpress License Directory, an online portal which lets you search for information on how to get a business license in the state.

Getting a Business License in Pennsylvania

The Bureau of Professional and Occupational Affairs in Pennsylvania offers an online business license portal called the Pennsylvania Licensing System (PALS), where you can easily apply for a business license, renew an existing license, and every other licensing action you may need to take to operate your business in Pennsylvania.

Getting a Business License in Rhode Island

You can find forms for business licenses in Rhode Island through the Rhode Island Department of Business Regulation webpage. Here, you can look up types of licenses according to industry, register for a new license online, or renew an existing license online. Even before that, though, take a look at the start or qualify to do business in Rhode Island page to make sure you’re following all the necessary steps to legally opening up a business in this state.  

Getting a Business License in South Carolina

There’s no single South Carolina state license requirement, but almost every city and town requires their own types of business licenses. Go to the state’s official webpage on licenses, permits, and registration in South Carolina to find the link that’ll instruct you how to get a license, according to your business type and needs. You can also head over to South Carolina Business One Stop to access portals on starting, running, expanding, and doing business in the state. (You can find licensing information inside the “starting” portal.)  

Getting a Business License in South Dakota

Take a look at the start your business in South Dakota web page, where you’ll find links to various guides and checklists encompassing all the information you need to know to operate your business. They also provide a PDF on licensing and registering your business in South Dakota, which lists licensing requirements for common departments. Certain departments may require additional licenses, however, so it’s best to inquire directly with your relevant agency.  

Getting a Business License in Tennessee

According to the Tennessee Department of Revenue, if you’re subject to the Tennessee business tax, you’ll need to obtain a business license from your county clerk. And if you operate an in-state business that generates more than $3,000 in sales, you must obtain either a “minimal activity license” or a “standard business license” from your county or municipal clerk. There are a few caveats within those requirements, too, so be sure to carefully read the Tennessee business registration and licensing web page.

Getting a Business License in Texas

The Secretary of State’s website for guides and resources to starting a business in Texas actually directs users to the SBA’s page on applying for licenses and permits in Texas. Alternatively, you can check out the (very fun) official texas.gov website and hit the “Work” tab. That directs you right to a portal to apply for or renew a professional license, plus additional resources for starting and running a business in your state.  

Getting a Business License in Utah

To get a business license in Utah, visit the Utah government requirements website, then scroll down to the Business Registration and Licensing Regulations section. For an overview, consult the Utah business licensing and registration guide. You’ll also find a list of cities (only those with 600 or more people) for which you’ll need to obtain a business license, in addition to the state’s general business license.  

Getting a Business License in Vermont

The Vermont Secretary of State webpage on starting a business in Vermont directs you to the SBA’s portal on applying for licenses and permits. As an alternative, they suggest visiting the Vermont professional regulations page, where you can consult a list of professions that require Vermont licenses and access the state’s online licensing portal.

Getting a Business License in Virginia

To launch a business in Virginia, check out the starting a business in Virginia step-by-step guide. Step 4 shows you how to obtain a license in Virginia, which begins with consulting an informational page on applying for a Virginia business license. Then, you can quickly apply for any relevant licenses, permits, or certificates online through Virginia’s Business One Stop portal.

Getting a Business License in Washington

Consult the State of State of Washington online business licensing service to access several resources on searching and applying for a license. You can also receive a customized licensing solution through the Washington business licensing wizard.

Getting a Business License in West Virginia

If you’re a West Virginia small business owner, your best bet is to visit West Virginia’s online business portal to search for licenses according to category or word search. Then, you’ll be directed to the specific agencies that administer the licenses, permits, registrations, and other authorizations you’ll need to operate your business. (You’ll need to register for an account to access the portal.)

Getting a Business License in Wisconsin

Visit the wisconsin.gov business portal to access pretty much every resource you’ll need to properly run and expand your business in this state. But for licensing concerns specifically, scroll down to the Licenses and Permits link under the page’s Government Resources section. From there, you’ll be directed to the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection license list, which lists industries alphabetically and provides the phone number you can contact to apply for or renew your license.   

Getting a Business License in Wyoming

The Wyoming business permitting and licensing online guide tells you everything you need to know about permit requirements. You can also contact the Wyoming Business Outreach Coordinator directly if you have more questions.

Which Types of Business Licenses Do You Need?

It’s often the case that you’ll need to obtain separate business licenses on the state, city, and county levels. Additionally, if a board, commission, or association regulates your industry, you may be required to present a certification from those bodies before receiving a state or county business license. You’ll need to be sure to check if your local government has specific license policies related to your business.

On top of that list, you’ll need to get a federal license if a federal agency regulates your business activities. If you run a business in one of the following industries, the SBA says you’ll need to apply for a federal business license or permit:   

  • Agriculture
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Aviation
  • Firearms, ammunition, and explosives
  • Fish and wildlife
  • Commercial fisheries
  • Maritime transportation
  • Mining and drilling
  • Nuclear energy
  • Radio and television broadcasting
  • Transportation and logistics

Specific fees and requirements differ depending on the industry, too, so the SBA also advises that you check with the appropriate issuing agency to know exactly what you’ll need to do (and pay) to obtain your license.

As you can probably see, figuring out how to get a business license can be difficult if you navigate it on your own. Fortunately, services like CityApplications.com can help you locate the exact licenses and permits you need according to your location. You can also do your own sleuthing through the state-level agencies.

Keep in mind that it’s usually helpful to have your Taxpayer ID at the ready. If you’ve registered for a federal employer identification number already, that may ease the process, as well.

Other Resources to Find Your State’s Business Licenses and Permits

As we’ve pointed out, every state has their own, internal resources to help business owners start and legally operate their businesses.

But when you’re looking into licensing your business, you can also treat the SBA as your best friend. Visit the SBA small business resources page and enter your zip code to find a detailed list of requirements you need to start a small business in your area. You can also search for statewide requirements through the SBA’s online portal.

Overall, no two states issue license requirements in exactly the same way: Some require an overall state business license, some don’t, and most require town, city, or municipality licenses. So, after you complete an online search—whether that’s through the SBA, or the resources we’ve listed for your state—contact your town clerk’s office directly. That way, you’ll be absolutely certain that your business is armed with all the necessary licenses, permits, or certifications you need to operate legally. While you’re at it, you can check up on how long your necessary licenses last so you can plan to renew them accordingly.

Final Thoughts on How to Obtain a Business License

The process of finding and securing your state’s business licenses may be time-consuming, and it’s pretty likely to be one of the less exciting tasks you’ll undertake as you start and operate your business.

But securing the appropriate business licensing is also one of the most crucial tasks you’ll carry out as a small business owner: Without the proper licenses, your business may be vulnerable to fines and fees, lawsuits, or you may even be forced to shut down. So, putting the time and effort in now means setting your business up for years of (legal) success.   

Editorial Note: Any opinions, analyses, reviews or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the author’s alone, and have not been reviewed, approved, or otherwise endorsed by any of these entities.
Georgia McIntyre

Georgia McIntyre

Finance Writer at Fundera
Georgia McIntyre is the resident Finance Writer at Fundera. She specializes in all things small business finance, from lending to accounting. Questions for Georgia? Comment below!
Georgia McIntyre

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