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Starting your own business is incredibly exciting. Finally, you get to do what you love, be your own boss, and create your own schedule. But you’ll soon find that some aspects of starting a business aren’t exactly thrilling. One of those dull-but-crucial steps? Looking into your state’s government regulations.
To operate your business legally, you’ll need the proper licenses or permits from the appropriate agencies. You’ll also need to periodically renew your business license, usually every one to three years, depending on your state.
Business licenses and permits are intended to keep consumers safe and operations transparent. The U.S. Small Business Administration regulations include that virtually every small business needs some sort of license or permit from state officials, but requirements and fees vary based on the type of business, where it’s located, and which government rules apply. And if your business is involved in activities supervised and regulated by a federal agency, then you’ll need to obtain a federal license or permit, as well.
See our state-by-state breakdown below to help you find everything you need to get your business credentialed in no time.
It’s often the case that you’ll need to obtain separate business licenses on the state, city, and county levels. Additionally, if a board, commission, or association regulates your industry, you may be required to present a certification from those bodies before receiving a state or county business license. You’ll need to be sure to check if your local government has specific license policies related to your business.
On top of that list, you’ll need to get a federal license if a federal agency regulates your business activities. If you run a business in one of the following industries, the SBA says you’ll need to apply for a federal business license or permit:
Specific fees and requirements differ depending on the industry, too, so the SBA also advises that you check with the appropriate issuing agency to know exactly what you’ll need to do (and pay) to obtain your license.
As you can probably see, the licensing process can be difficult if you navigate it on your own. Fortunately, services like CityApplications can help you locate the exact licenses and permits you need according to your location. You can also do your own sleuthing through the state-level agencies.
Keep in mind that it’s usually helpful to have your Taxpayer ID at the ready. If you’ve registered for a federal employer identification number already, that may ease the process, as well.
Scroll through this state-by-state list to find exactly where you’ll need to go to obtain the licenses and permits you need to run your business.
If your business is based out of Alabama, check out AtlasAlabama, a statewide website established to help start and expand small businesses in the state. You can find information here about which businesses need occupational licenses, how to obtain a business tax number, and many other useful resources.
Alaskan small business owners should consult the Alaska Department of Commerce, which offers a clear breakdown of what you need to license your business. Also check their list for businesses that don’t require a license. You can easily file for a new license, or to a renew license, online.
This useful guide from the Arizona Department of Revenue is designed to help Arizona businesses comply with the state’s basic tax and licensing requirements. The same agency also offers an overall licensing guide, which shows you where to go to find a state transaction privilege tax, regulatory/professional/special licensing or permits, and local business/occupational licenses or permits.
Use the arkansas.gov Owning a Business website for a comprehensive guide on starting and legally running a business in the state. The site includes resources on registering a new business, how to apply for an EIN, filing for Workers Compensation Insurance, and more.
If you run a Californian small business, use CalGold as your go-to source for business licenses and permits, plus forms and fees. Simply select your city or county, enter your business type, and follow the instructions from there.
The Colorado Business Express is your portal to filing for a business license either online or manually.
Small business owners in Connecticut should consult the state’s New Business Checklist for a step-by-step guide on the appropriate way to start up and register their businesses. Skip ahead to Step 5 if you just need to know whether your business needs special licenses and permits, and where to get them.
To register or renew a Delaware business license, go to the state’s One Stop Business Registration & Licensing website. There, a questionnaire will lead you to the appropriate forms to obtain the licensing you need.
All businesses in Washington, D.C. are required to have a license. Use the wizard tools on the D.C. Business Center website to determine exactly what you need to start your business. Read their Basic Business License guide to find out how to apply for this license online, in person, or through the mail.
You can get information on licensing requirements in Florida on state’s Department of Business and Professional Regulation website, which features a dedicated licensing portal. Simply click on your business type from the available list and follow the instructions from there.
Many businesses in Georgia can now apply for new licenses online, so check the state’s online licensure applications list to find out whether your business makes the cut. Then, you can submit an application for a new license in Georgia through the online portal. Take a look at Georgia’s business licenses webpage for a simple overview of your business’s licensing needs.
Hawaii’s Business Express portal automates the process of registering your business online. All you need is your eHawaii.gov account information, then follow the Wizard questions to figure out which licenses and permits you need and easily apply for them.
Take a look at idaho.gov’s licensing, permitting, and regulations webpage to search for regulation information and apply for licenses online. Note that Idaho doesn’t have a state business license (all business licenses are issued locally), so only the businesses that need special licensing can apply through the online portal. You can also search Idaho.gov’s online services by your business type for any related license forms and instructions you need.
If you’re just about to start your new business in Illinois, take a look at the Illinois Department of Commerce’s First Stop Business Info Center to access resources for writing a business plan, setting up your legal structure, registering your business, and more. Then, find registration, license, and permit applications for specific businesses.
Indiana doesn’t have a single, comprehensive business license, but every business that operates in Indiana will need to fulfill regulatory requirements, potentially at several state levels. Seems complicated, but the state’s Business Owner Guide is a great place to sort out the information you need, according to your industry.
Iowa doesn’t require a general business license. Rather, licensing requirements are based on the nature of your business or profession. You can search the Iowa Business License Information Center database to determine which licenses your specific business needs. You can also visit the Iowa Business Information Center’s regulatory subsection for a short list of general licensing tips.
To register a business in Kansas, use this guide to decide how you’d like to legally structure your business. Then you can visit the Kansas Business Center’s Operating Your Business subsection for licensing information.
Kentucky doesn’t have a single, statewide license for all businesses, but certain businesses will need special permits or licenses. Check out the Kentucky One Stop Business Portal for information on starting and running your business, and head to their page on the occupational licenses and permits that apply to your business. You need to create an account on the site first.
Visit Louisiana’s Business Services page to start the process of obtaining your required licenses for the state. You’ll need to create a GeauxBiz account to access their start-up services, which includes a business license checklist.
All business licenses in Maine are operated the town or city level, so you’ll need to contact your local town office directly to find out what your business needs. Visit the Maine.gov Local Government portal for the relevant contact information.
The Maryland Department of Commerce has compiled a database of statewide and county level licenses you might need to operate your business. You can also consult the Department of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation’s directory of services to contact the licensing agent that applies to your industry.
Take a look at the Massachusetts state’s Starting a New Business guide for advice, resources, and information about legal requirements you need to get your business off the ground. Jump to their Business Licenses and Permits page to find out if your business or profession needs special registration to legally operate in the state.
Not every business in Michigan is required to be licensed by the state. Licenses are required for certain vocations or occupations that may be conducted within a business, and local governments may also require business licenses. Find out if your new venture could require a state license or permit through the business license search. Also, check out the state’s guidebook and step-by-step outline for how to start a business in Michigan.
Some types of businesses may operate in Minnesota without any special licenses, but others require certain licensing and permits. You can use the Minnesota elicensing tool to search for required licenses by topic, agency, or index.
Mississippi doesn’t license all businesses at a state level. Depending on your business activities, though, you might need state and/or local permits to legally run your business. Take a look at the Mississippi Small Business Development Center’s FAQs for a list of common small-business questions in the state, including licensing concerns. They recommend consulting the SBA business license and search tool, and to also check with your town or city clerk to stay up to date on local license requirements. Also be sure to check out the state’s Business One Stop Shop for more startup resources.
The Missouri Business Portal lets you register your business with the Secretary of State and Department of Revenue simultaneously. This resource also provides a list of occupations that require licensing. They suggest you contact your county or city government to learn more about local licensing requirements.
The state of Montana provides professional licensing, and licenses for industries that specifically require state regulations. All other business licensing in Montana is handled at a local level. Check out this list of Montana state licenses by industry. For more information, consult Montana’s Small Business Development Center Network business licensing page.
The Nebraska Licensing Division oversees collection agencies, debt management agencies, credit services organizations, private detectives, truth and deception examiners, athlete agents, and nonrecourse civil litigation funding companies. If your business encompasses any of these activities, follow the links on their website to get your required license. Whether or not your business is any of the above, check with your local government to see if you’ll need additional licenses.
If you’re a small business owner in Nevada, check out the SilverFlume Business Portal. This statewide business portal has a step-by-step guide to starting your business in Nevada and securing the appropriate licensing.
You’ll need to contact your local city or town clerk’s office to find out about local requirements to run a business in New Hampshire. For information on state-administered permits and licensing, visit the New Hampshire Department of Revenue Administration licensing FAQs webpage.
The New Jersey Business Action Center makes it easy for you to find the state licenses and permits you need. You can also browse through the New Jersey License and Certification Guide, which alphabetically lists all businesses and occupations that require permits, certifications, or licensing, plus the government agency you’ll need to contact to obtain that requirement.
Licensing in New Mexico varies according to your county or municipality, so it’s best to contact your local city or town clerk’s office directly. If your business requires a special license or permit from the state, you can apply for your license online. Take a look at the New Mexico Economic Development business development page for more information on starting your business in this state.
Want to find out what permits or licenses your business needs in New York? Start with the Business Wizard to determine which New York State licenses are necessary to get your business up and running.
The State of North Carolina doesn’t issue general business licenses, but your business might be subject to state, city, county, and/or federal requirements. You also may need a special license if your business requires occupational licenses. The state provides business counselors whom you can call if you’d like personalized licensing advice—just click the link above.
You can find information on the licenses you need on the North Dakota New Business Registration’s licensing information webpage.
Step one in the Ohio Small Business Development Center’s guide to starting a business informs you of the legal structure variations involved in business licensing. All businesses are also required to register with the Ohio Secretary of State. Search the Ohio licenses and permits index to find the exact licenses you for your business.
Oklahoma doesn’t require a general business license, but there are a few industries that need special licensing to operate in this state. Check out the Oklahoma Department of Commerce Business Licensing and Operating Requirements page for a list of common licensing requirements by industry, as well as other employer requirements (like workers’ compensation insurance).
Consult the Oregon Secretary of State’s webpage on starting a business in Oregon for a state-specific gameplan on opening up shop. Skip to step six if you’re mostly interested in learning about the licenses, permits, or certifications you need in Oregon—it’ll direct you to Business Xpress License Directory, which lets you search for information about applying for and renewing relevant licenses.
The Bureau of Professional and Occupational Affairs in Pennsylvania offers an online portal called the Pennsylvania Licensing System (PALS), where you can easily apply for an initial license, renew an existing license, and every other licensing action you may need to take to operate your business in Pennsylvania.
You can find forms for business licenses in Rhode Island through the Rhode Island Department of Business Regulation webpage. Here, you can look up licenses according to industry, register for a new license online, or renew an existing license online. Even before that, though, take a look at the start or qualify to do business in Rhode Island page to make sure you’re following all the necessary steps to legally opening up a business in this state.
There’s no single South Carolina state license requirement, but almost every city and town requires a own business license. Go to the state’s official webpage on business licenses, permits, and registration in South Carolina to find the link that’ll direct you to the licensing answer you’re after, according to your business type and needs. You can also head over to South Carolina Business One Stop to access portals on starting, running, expanding, and doing business in the state. (You can find licensing information inside the “starting” portal.)
Take a look at the start your business in South Dakota web page, where you’ll find links to various guides and checklists encompassing all the information you need to know to operate your business. They also provide a PDF on licensing and registering your business in South Dakota, which lists licensing requirements for common departments. Certain departments may require additional licenses, however, so it’s best to inquire directly with your relevant agency.
According to the Tennessee Department of Revenue, if you’re subject to the Tennessee business tax, you’ll need to obtain a business license from your county clerk. And if you operate an in-state business that generates more than $3,000 in sales, you must obtain either a “minimal activity license” or a “standard business license” from your county or municipal clerk. There are a few caveats within those requirements, too, so be sure to carefully read the Tennessee business registration and licensing web page.
The Secretary of State’s website for guides and resources to starting a business in Texas actually directs users to the SBA’s page on applying for licenses and permits in Texas. Alternatively, you can check out the (very fun) official texas.gov website and hit the “Work” tab. That directs you right to a portal to apply for or renew a professional license, plus additional resources for starting and running a business in your state.
To get a business license in Utah, visit the Utah government requirements website, then scroll down to the Business Registration and Licensing Regulations section. For an overview, consult the Utah business licensing and registration guide. You’ll also find a list of cities (only those with 600 or more people) for which you’ll need to obtain a business license, in addition to the state’s general business license.
The Vermont Secretary of State webpage on starting a business in Vermont directs you to the SBA’s portal on applying for licenses and permits. As an alternative, they suggest visiting the Vermont professional regulations page, where you can consult a list of professions that require Vermont licenses and access the state’s online licensing portal.
To launch a business in Virginia, check out the starting a business in Virginia step-by-step guide. Step 4 shows you how to obtain a license in Virginia, which begins with consulting an informational page on applying for a Virginia business license. Then, you can quickly apply for any relevant licenses, permits, or certificates online through Virginia’s Business One Stop portal.
Consult the State of Washington business licensing online service to access several resources on searching and applying for business licenses. You can also receive a customized licensing solution through the Washington business licensing wizard.
If you’re a West Virginia small business owner, your best bet is to visit West Virginia’s online business portal to search for licenses according to category or word search. Then, you’ll be directed to the specific agencies that administer the licenses, permits, registrations, and other authorizations you’ll need to operate your business. (You’ll need to register for an account to access the portal.)
Visit the wisconsin.gov business portal to access pretty much every resource you’ll need to properly run and expand your business in this state. But for licensing concerns specifically, scroll down to the Licenses and Permits link under the page’s Government Resources section. From there, you’ll be directed to the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade and Consumer Protection license list, which lists industries alphabetically and provides the phone number you can contact to apply for or renew your license.
The Wyoming business permitting and licensing online guide tells you everything you need to know about permit requirements. You can also contact the Wyoming Business Outreach Coordinator directly if you have more questions.
As we’ve pointed out, every state has their own, internal resources to help business owners start and legally operate their businesses.
But when you’re looking into licensing your business, you can also treat the SBA as your best friend. Visit the SBA small business resources page and enter your zip code to find a detailed list of requirements you need to start a small business in your area. You can also search for statewide requirements through the SBA’s online portal.
Overall, no two states issue license requirements in exactly the same way: Some require an overall state business license, some don’t, and most require town, city, or municipality licenses. So, after you complete an online search—whether that’s through the SBA, or the resources we’ve listed for your state—contact your town clerk’s office directly. That way, you’ll be absolutely certain that your business is armed with all the necessary licenses, permits, or certifications you need to operate legally. While you’re at it, you can check up on how long your necessary licenses last so you can plan to renew them accordingly.
The process of finding and securing your state’s business licenses may be time-consuming, and it’s pretty likely to be one of the less exciting tasks you’ll undertake as you start and operate your business.
But securing the appropriate business licensing is also one of the most crucial tasks you’ll carry out as a small business owner: Without the proper licenses, your business may be vulnerable to fines and fees, lawsuits, or you may even be forced to shut down. So, putting the time and effort in now means setting your business up for years of (legal) success.